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Victory Gardens Making a COVID Comeback

Updated: Jul 17, 2021

by Claire Brown

Some Victory Gardeners Showing their Fine Vegetables

When the going gets tough, the tough get growing. Victory Gardens, born of the need to conserve food during World Wars I and II, are making a comeback. But the reason for this resurgence is not global conflict – it’s a global pandemic. The COVID-19 crisis has inspired a nation-wide trend in home gardening.

COVID-19 has forced us to make life-altering changes. We stay in our homes, worry about our own and others’ lives, and endure shortages of staples and supplies. One ray of sunshine: our own backyards, especially for gardeners. Home gardens help us -- body, mind and soul -- as well as the environment and our community.

Dover resident Bill Ross, Professor and of Special Collections librarian at the UNH library, has created a COVID Victory Garden in his backyard: “I began working from home in mid-March and quickly realized that these are not normal times. With the extra time at home, I put my energy into gardening. I mean, I get to be outside, I know where our food is coming from, and it’s better than cleaning the garage.”

From War Gardens to Victory Gardens

Maginel Wright Enright, 1919. Library of Congress.

Victory Gardens got their start during WWI. By the time the U.S. entered the war, our allies were exhausted and civilians in the war zones were starving. Providing food to our troops and citizens abroad was a priority. To support the war effort overseas, President Woodrow Wilson asked Americans to sacrifice at home.

One of the President’s first steps was to create a federal agency, the Food Administration, with Herbert Hoover in charge. “Food,” Hoover said, “will win the war.” He asked Americans to forego items needed for the war effort – meat, sugar, wheat, and fats – and to eat more produce, preferably homegrown. Charles Lathrop Pack, one of America’s wealthiest businessmen, organized the National War Garden Commission. By 1918, millions of people were growing crops in yards, vacant lots, on fire escapes – anywhere their “Victory Garden” could thrive.

Home Front Gardens – For the Common Good

World War II poster. U.S. Office of War Information.

When the United States entered WWII, citizens were again asked to tighten their belts. Rationing began in 1942 and access to many items, from cars and fuel to silk and shoes, was limited. Americans used ration cards to buy meat, dairy products, coffee, jam, and shortening. The government promoted Victory Gardens through patriotic posters, recipe pamphlets, and canning demonstrations. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt even had a Victory Garden built on the White House lawn.

When peace was restored, many gardeners put away their hoes and shovels but the Victory Garden concept remains part of the American spirit. And the COVID crisis has reawakened its value.

Victory Gardening for 21st Century Causes

During WWII, Victory Gardeners were urged to demonstrate their patriotism by practicing all aspects of the growing process from selecting seeds to harvesting and preserving their crops. Home-canned fruits and vegetables helped balance meals affected by rationing and lean budgets. The USDA published free instructional canning pamphlets and sponsored demonstrations through local Extension Services. This photo – “Violet Davenport and Almary Kelly canning squash during a canning demonstration given by home economist Rachel D. Moore at La Delta Project, Thomastown, Louisiana” – was taken by Marion Post Wolcott in 1940 for the Farm Security Administration. Source: Office of War Information Photograph Collection, Library of Congress

Bill Ross believes that home gardening enables us to connect directly with our food. “I know better than to think I’m saving a ton of money, but I know what does and doesn’t go into the food I grow. And I think I can trust who’s handling it.”

Today, as much as ever, Victory Gardens have returned to keep us healthy, promote responsible citizenship, and protect the environment – commitments shared by Dover Democrats.


The author of this article is solely responsible for its content and the opinions expressed within it. For information on the Dover Democratic Committee, our mission, values and policies, please see “About Us” on this website.

Claire Brown retired to New Hampshire in 2017 after spending 40 years in museum communications, most recently at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. Claire joined Dover Democrats after moving to Dover and serves on the Executive Committee and chairs its Communications Team. She lives in Dover, enjoys writing, gardening and cooking as well as caring for her two elderly dachshunds, Ivy and Nellie.

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